That said, there are a number of scripts that beautifully illustrate how screenwriters use the written word to indicate visuals, tone, style, pacing, structure, character, tension and action: words that define the finished movie like the lines of an architect's blueprint.
It is also very instructive to look at early drafts of screenplays to discover how the film was changed and revised during production. Sometimes brilliant scripts were made into mediocre movies. Sometimes problematic scripts were solved in the process of shooting and editing.
Here is a list of feature scripts that agents, executives, film school professors, and screenwriters themselves often cite as influential and instructive to aspiring screenwriters.
Five mainstream Hollywood scripts often cited as perfect in style, structure, content, and execution are:
- Die Hard
- Groundhog Day
- American Beauty
novel), and then read the screenplay adaptation. Five scripts often recommended are:
- Cider House Rules
- Silence of The Lambs
- The Shawshank Redemption
- The English Patient
- Treasure of The Sierra Madre
- The Sweet Smell of Success
- Some Like It Hot
- His Girl Friday
- Ronnie Rocket (unproduced script by David Lynch
- Mystery Train
- Lone Star
- The Spanish Prisoner
- Paul Shrader
- William Goldman
- Charlie Kaufman
- Shane Black
- The Coen Brothers
- Norah Ephron
- Sophia Copola
- Callie Khouri
- Allison Anders
- Diablo Cody
Some recently written Hollywood scripts that have caused a stir, and are often cited as examples of the kind of style and content “that sells” are:
- The Oranges, by Ian Helfer (dramedy)
- Killing on Carnival Row, by Travis Beacham (fantasy)
- Broken City, by Brian Tucker (Crime)
- The Blade Itself (Thriller)
- Bad Teacher, by Lee Eisenberg (comedy)
Every year “The Blacklist” is compiled by hundreds of film executives, each of whom contribute the names of up to ten of their favorite unproduced scripts of the year. 2010’s list can be found HERE:
In general, in order to getcopies of screenplays on the net, go to:
(Also see answers to the related question: Screenwriting: Where can I download screenplays of films to read / study?)
The key is to look for EARLY DRAFTS OF THE SCREENPLAY, not just the official “shooting script” which is often a simple transcription of the finished film.
Even maverick writer-directors working outside the Hollywood system and writers who want to challenge mainstream formulas of three-act-structure, conflict-centered storytelling, and concept-driven subject matter would do well to study these scripts. A screenplay is ultimately a communication tool, like a blueprint, to be given to actors, cinematographers, production designers and editors. Even if you aspire to make movies like Tarkovsky and HATED Lethal Weapon, you can still learn from the way successful screenwriters clearly and competently convey style and cinematic action to their collaborators.
As a final note, perhaps the best place to start is to read the screenplays for a couple of your favorite films. Reading them will feel like play rather than work. And there is no faster way to learn the format and tools of the screenwriter's craft.